Coleus has a long history of use in our gardens as a foliage plant and has gone through various phases of popularity over the past couple of centuries. The relative ease of establishment after planting combined with a wide range of selections has made coleus indispensable in the garden and popular in the container as well.
Some of our best garden flowers started in the New World, went to Europe for culture, then returned to great acclaim. Gaillardia is one of these. Its daisy flowers usually come in shades of red or orange with fringed rays that look like their tips have been dipped in yellow paint. Plants bloom heavily from summer through fall, don’t mind the heat, and prosper with less water than most other high-performance flowers.
Sweet peppers bring a rainbow of colors and a plethora of shapes to the table. It is easy to value them for looks and flavor alone, but the sweet pepper is a nutritional powerhouse as well. Peppers have high nutrient levels at any stage but are the most beneficial when eaten fully ripe.
National Garden Bureau's Fundraising Effort Pays Off for Young Adults with Autism
Donations of cash, services and products from individuals and major corporations have resulted in gifts totaling $43,398 for the Growing Solutions Farm located in Chicago, IL.
In July 2014, National Garden Bureau, a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the horticulture industry, announced the launch of Growing for Futures #growingforfutures, an annual philanthropic effort to benefit therapeutic gardens across the country. In the months since the launch, a flood of publicity surrounding the farm has reached millions resulting in donations of cash, seeds, trees, a greenhouse, compost and more, totaling over $40,000.
NGB’s goal was to raise funds to support the farm’s expansion, both in physical space and jobs programming.
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Help the Monarch Butterfly
The beautiful orange and black Monarch butterfly is one of the best known threatened butterfly species in North America. According to some of the latest surveys over 90% of the population has disappeared in the last decade mostly due to loss of habitat. No one understands how this lovely insect can remember over 4 or 5 generations where to migrate. Different populations will travel from western Canada to central California or from eastern Canada, through the midwest, and southern U.S. and ultimately to central Mexico and back again.
The life cycle of the Monarch is complex and amazing. First the female lays its eggs on the underside of the leaves of a milkweed plant. After 3 to 5 days the eggs hatch and the larvae (or baby caterpillars) feed on the leaves. Over the next 9 to 15 days the caterpillars will molt 5 times increasing in mass 2000 times shedding its skin each time it molts. It then pupates and spends 9-14 days as a chrysalis. When fully developed, the adult butterflies emerge and feed on the nectar of many different flowers as they continue to fly north during the next 2 to 6 weeks. Then the process starts all over again. The butterflies mate and the females lay eggs. The Monarchs that emerge as adults at the end of the summer are different from the adults that emerge earlier in the summer. Instead of mating they spend all their time and energy feeding on nectar, flying south and catching air currents which enable them to migrate up to 2800 miles to central California or central Mexico. When they reach their destination they hibernate through the winter in trees. After several months, when the weather warms up in the spring, they begin to move northward again and females lay eggs for their first summer generation. The migrating generation of Monarchs live 7 to 9 months.
Unfortunately, sprawling urban developments and intensive farming techniques mean fewer uncultivated margins where the milkweed species can thrive and provide habitat for the Monarch during its egg and larvae/caterpillar stages. When the females cannot find suitable habitat to lay eggs, the life cycle is interrupted and the overall population decreases. While scientists have been aware for several years of the Monarch butterfly’s life threatening situation and possible extinction, promoting public, government and industry awareness of the plight of this beautiful insect is probably the only thing that can lead to saving it.
It is commonly agreed that one solution is for all aspects of our society to plant more milkweed seed to assure continuous pathways of habitat from Canada to California and Mexico where the Monarch migrates for the winter months. There are over 120 species of milkweeds (Asclepias) and several are readily available. Two species are particularly colorful, Asclepias curassavica (tropical milkweed/Bloodflower) is bright red, and A. tuberosa (butterfly milkweed) is orange. Some sources express concern when using A. curassavica as outlined here but the North American Butterfly Association says it can be used as a carefully managed garden plant as instructed below. A. tuberosa is a perennial that has been widely used in conservation and reclamation plantings. It can take 2-3 years to form a tuber before blooming. Other native species commercially available include: A. incarnata (prairie or swamp milkweed), A. speciosa (showy milkweed), and A. syriaca (common milkweed). These species have white, pale or deep pink flowers and are the most important food sources for the caterpillars to keep the butterflies healthy according to Dara Satterfield of the University of Georgia. Her studies indicate the tropical species, Asclepias curassavica may be a source for a higher rate of the butterfly parasite, Ophryocyctis elektroscirrha. Also, if A. curassavica is planted, it should be cut down in the fall to prevent the butterflies from staying too long and interrupting their normal migration schedule. Other species should be included in any tropical milkweed planting. Since showy and common milkweed are rhizomatous, they should be planted where their fast spreading habit is acceptable.
Most milkweed species are easy to start indoors from seed. The seeds are flat, brown and oval (ovate) shaped seed 1/4 to 1/2 in. long. Plant the seed indoors (4-6 weeks before intended transplanting to the garden) in a tray or pot of a light weight peat/soil/sand potting medium with good drainage and cover with 1/8 in. of the mixture. Keep well moistened in a cool sunny window or greenhouse; the seed will germinate in 10 - 14 days. Transplant seedlings into 3 to 4 in. pots until they have a well established root system. The plants can gradually be hardened off and planted outdoors in the spring or when daytime temperatures are between 60 - 70 degrees. Seeds of perennial species can also be planted directly in the ground in late summer or early spring when the soil can be tilled. Since Asclepias species do not like their roots to be disturbed, transplanting is more successful with well established plants in pots. It is a good idea to plant a mixture of other nectar producing plants with or near the milkweed to provide a food source for the emerging butterflies. Any wildflower or garden flower mixture designed to attract butterflies will serve this purpose as will annuals such as alyssum, marigold and zinnia.
The big question is how to get significant amounts of habitat re-established in appropriate parts of the country before it is too late and the Monarch becomes extinct. Everyone, including children, can help by planting more milkweed plants. Click here for an article about Children's Butterfly Gardens.
The National Garden Bureau thanks Applewood Seed as the author of this article.
This is large, red, hybrid onion. It can be up to 5 inches and will store from 2-4 months. This onion will start bulbing when laylight length reaches 14-15 hours.
Sweet William type annual with great fragrance and a compact habit for good garden performance and a striking color combination. Great as a low border in early spring.
Personal-sized, Kabocha Winter Squashes are ornamental as well as edible.
'Shokichi Green' produces single serving-size, green fruits with light stripes. This small Kabocha weighs between ½ and 1¼ lb. Its diminutive size allows it to fit perfectly on a plate as well as double as a great ornamental. High yielding at 6-10 fruits per plant.
Shokichi Shrio is a small, single serving-size gray Kabocha that is perfect for stuffing. Fruits weigh from ½-1¼ lbs.
Mole recipes can include up to 20 ingredients from salt to chocolate but always starts with the basic ancho, pasillo, and chili peppers. This collection is our door to homemade mole – Ole! Ancho (Poblano): 65 days to harvest; Pasillo Bajio: 85 days to harvest; (Serrano) Chili: 75 days to harvest
Native to Bolivia, this tough-as-nails plant is perfect for landscapes, hanging baskets or containers that need to tolerate extreme weather conditions. 'Santa Cruz ® Sunset' doesn't need deadheading. It branches naturally so you will have a full, lush looking plant that's loaded with flowers all season long. The large 5" wide bright scarlet flowers show off in any location from full sun to partial shade. Throughout the record breaking heat this summer ,'Santa Cruz® Sunset' performed beautifully across the country.
Seeds by Design, Inc.
Seeds by Design is a producer and supplier of vegetable, herb and flower seed for the wholesale/dealer trade. We are located in the Sacramento valley where our Mediterranean climate and fertile soil produce high quality seed. Although we are in one of the largest vine seed growing areas, we also produce and offer several specialties: heirloom tomatoes, triploid watermelon, specialty lettuce & salad greens, micro-greens & sprouting seed, colored carrots and swiss chard, hybrid summer & winter squash, hybrid pumpkins and unique gourds, herb seeds and organic seed.