• 2017: Year of the Brassica - Baby Broccoli Aspabroc
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Destiny
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Crystal Vantage
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Hercules
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Red Jewel
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower White Magic
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Collard Bulldog
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Collard Tiger
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Greens All Top
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kohlrabi Quickstar
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Rutabega Laurentian
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Turnip White Lady
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Winterbor (Territorial Seed Company)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Purple of Sicily (Territorial Seed Company)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Veronica (Territorial Seed Company)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Murdoc (Territorial Seed Company)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Brussels Sprouts Franklin (Territorial Seed Company)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Sun King (W. Atlee Burpee)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Mustard Black Knight
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Scarlet
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Portugese
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Black Magic
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Baby Green Red Winter Kale (Botanical Interests)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Red Acre Cabbage (Botanical Interests)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kolrabi (Botanical Interests)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Chidori Red (Botanical Interests)
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Steady
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Dura Pak 16
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Prizm
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Batavia
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Belstar
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Brussels Sprouts Dagan
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Brussels Sprouts Doric
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Brussels Sprouts Nautic
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Adona
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Redman
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Skywalker
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Chinese Cabbage Bilko
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Chinese Cabbage Emiko
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Darkibor
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Starbor
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Winterbor
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kohlrabi Kolibri
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kohlrabi Korist
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Kohlrabi Kossak
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Pointed Head Cabbage Caraflex
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Purple Sprouting Broccoli Mendocino
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Purple Sprouting Broccoli Rioja
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Red Cabbage Buscaro
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Red Cabbage Travero
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Red Kale Redbor
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Romanesco Veronica
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Savoy Cabbage Famosa
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Savoy Cabbage Melissa
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - White Cabbage Reaction
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Cheddar 2
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Freedom
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Cheddar
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Castle Dome
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Artwork Sibsey
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Sibsey
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Red Dynasty
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Chidori Red
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
  • 2017: Year of the Brassica - Baby Broccoli Aspabroc
    Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are popular around the world and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember.
 
2017: Year of the Brassica - Baby Broccoli Aspabroc

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Destiny

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Crystal Vantage

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Hercules

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Red Jewel

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower White Magic

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Collard Bulldog

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Collard Tiger

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Greens All Top

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kohlrabi Quickstar

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Rutabega Laurentian

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Turnip White Lady

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Winterbor (Territorial Seed Company)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Purple of Sicily (Territorial Seed Company)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Veronica (Territorial Seed Company)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Murdoc (Territorial Seed Company)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Brussels Sprouts Franklin (Territorial Seed Company)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Sun King (W. Atlee Burpee)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Mustard Black Knight

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Scarlet

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Portugese

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Black Magic

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Baby Green Red Winter Kale (Botanical Interests)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Red Acre Cabbage (Botanical Interests)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kolrabi (Botanical Interests)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Chidori Red (Botanical Interests)

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Steady

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Dura Pak 16

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Prizm

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Batavia

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Belstar

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Brussels Sprouts Dagan

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Brussels Sprouts Doric

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Brussels Sprouts Nautic

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Adona

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Redman

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Skywalker

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Chinese Cabbage Bilko

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Chinese Cabbage Emiko

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Darkibor

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Starbor

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kale Winterbor

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kohlrabi Kolibri

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kohlrabi Korist

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Kohlrabi Kossak

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Pointed Head Cabbage Caraflex

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Purple Sprouting Broccoli Mendocino

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Purple Sprouting Broccoli Rioja

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Red Cabbage Buscaro

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Red Cabbage Travero

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Red Kale Redbor

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Romanesco Veronica

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Savoy Cabbage Famosa

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Savoy Cabbage Melissa

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2017: Year of the Brassica - White Cabbage Reaction

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Cheddar 2

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Freedom

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cauliflower Cheddar

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Castle Dome

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Artwork Sibsey

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Broccoli Sibsey

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Cabbage Red Dynasty

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Chidori Red

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2017: Year of the Brassica

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2017: Year of the Brassica - Baby Broccoli Aspabroc

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Each year we select one annual, one perennial, one bulb crop and one edible as our "Year of the" crops. Each is chosen because they are popular, easy-to-grow, widely adaptable, genetically diverse, and versatile. Free downloadable presentations can be found on our SlideShare account.

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2017: Year of the Brassica

Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas, turnips and more, are...

2017: Year of the Brassica

 

The Brassica family of plants is one of the most prolific genera of vegetables in the world, enjoyed by countless generations in many forms and playing a starring role in many culturally significant recipes. Brassica vegetables, including bok choy, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, rutabagas and turnips are popular around the world today  and have been a major food source for as long as anyone can remember. The Chinese philosopher Confucius, before dying in 479 B.C. wrote over 300 traditional songs describing life in the Chou dynasty. Many of the songs were agriculturally themed and named over 40 foods of the time, including cabbage! Perhaps current songwriters should devote more lyrics to healthy eating and the joys of agriculture!

Health
Also known as cole crops, derived from the Latin word caulis, denoting the stem or stalk of a plant, brassica provide plenty of nutrition (vitamin C and soluble fiber) and healthy doses of glucosinolates, a compound that helps reduce the risk of various cancers of the digestive tract.  In addition, red Brassicas provide mega-doses of Anthocyanin (a powerful anti-oxidant) at bargain prices. Some glucosinolates have a bitter flavor that makes them unpalatable to some people.  Modern breeding has replaced some of the bitter glucosinolates with neutral-flavored ones so that all palates can enjoy Brassicas.
Most members of our garden Brassicas are all members of the same species: Brassica oleracea.  Simple and natural mutations lead to the development of large leaves in kale and collards, while other mutations lead to the development of heads in cabbage, arrested flower development in broccoli and cauliflower, or prolific development of axillary buds in Brussels sprouts.  Other members of the Brassica family include Chinese cabbage, radish (root), and kohlrabi (swollen stem).
In many areas brassica crops are best planted in the early spring or fall. Many can endure or embrace a light frost so consider them extenders of your gardening year. Overall, brassicas are easy to grow, just follow the directions that come with the seed or plants that you purchase and enjoy them in your garden.
This article will highlight some of the major types of brassicas with a few interesting tidbits on each. For growing information, click on the bold category type.
Cabbage comes in many forms and colors: white, green, red, round, flat, pointed, savoyed, Chinese, etc.  Cabbage can be grown nearly year-round; delicately textured early spring cabbages, sweet and tasty pointed cabbages, bolder summer cabbages, and hardy winter cabbage.
The early spring and summer types are attractive to modern consumers as they have small heads (no waste) and can be eaten raw or just lightly cooked.  They also have lettuce-like qualities: crunchy and juicy with a very mild flavor.  For refreshing salads, light, crunchy and juicy cabbage is desired.  For stir fries thin, crisp leaves cook quickly but still retain some crunch.  For coleslaw, cabbage needs enough oomph to stand up to the mayonnaise and marinades and not get soggy.  And, for soups and stews, cabbage that retains its texture and does not turn to mush after simmering for a while is desired. Savoy cabbage is best eaten cooked, it develops a lovely sweetness and brilliant fresh color after steaming for just a few minutes.  Toss with some milk and sprinkle with some nutmeg – you’ll have a whole new appreciation for savoy cabbage – light, attractive, tasty and healthy!
As a cook and gardener it is helpful to be aware of the kind of cabbage you grow to get the desired results.  Here is a quick guide:
Early Spring types are juicy and tender; best used for fresh salads.
Varieties include: Farao F1, Katarina F1, Derby Day, Quick Start F1
 
Summer round types are thicker and harder; best used for coleslaw, salads and cooking.
Varieties include: Fast Vantage F1, Golden Acre, Stonehead F1, Capture F1
 
Summer, pointed types are soft and tender; best used for fresh salads or grilled.
Varieties include: Caraflex F1, Murdoc F1, Early Jersey Wakefield
 
Summer, flat types are thin and crunchy; best used for sandwich wraps, rolls and stir fries.
Varieties include:  Tendersweet F1, Gunma F1,
 
Summer Savoy types are crinkled and light; best used for stir-fries, steamed or in soups.
Varieties include:     Savoy Perfection, Alcosa F1, Melissa F1
 
Winter /Storage types are thicker and firmer; best used for coleslaw, soups and stews. Storage types can be kept in the refrigerator or root cellar for long periods of time and eaten during the winter months. Varieties include: Danish Ball Head, Reaction F1, Kaitlin F1, Brunswick
 
Chinese/Napa are barrel shaped and either green or yellow on the inside and usually have a green exterior. They are best eaten raw or lightly cooked. Varieties include: China Express F1, Michihli, Bilko F1
 
Pak Choi:
Pak Choi, aka Bok Choi is closely related to the Chinese/Napa cabbage but has a very different appearance. The stems are thick and juicy and grow upright like celery. Both the stem and leaves can be chopped for use in stir fry or salads. Baby varieties can be split and grilled or quickly broiled for a beautiful side dish. From above the plants resemble flowers. Shanghai types have green stems and leaves. Canton types have bright white stems and green leaves. Bothe types come in baby and adult varieties. Varieties include: Joi Choi F1 (large Canton), Toy Choy F1 (baby Canton), Petite Star F1 (baby Shanghai) Mei Qing Choi F1 (can be used as baby size or large size).
Cauliflower plants prefer to grow without heat stress and do best in fall or in areas with mild summers.   Popular types include the standard white varieties and more exotic colors and shapes also available to home gardeners. In recent years cooked cauliflower has become popular as replacement for potatoes or flour in many recipes (like mashed potatoes or pizza crust).
White types are most often self-blanching- meaning inner leaves cover the curds and protect them from the sun. Varieties include: Flamenco F1 (summer production), Toledo F1 (fall production), Snowball, Snowbowl F1, Symphony F1. 
Romanesco types are a special type of green cauliflower.  The head is a collection of spiraled florets and will be a great way to teach your kids about the Fibonacci numbers (math during dinner!).  Romanesco is great for roasting – it is a bit drier than regular cauliflower. Varieties include: Veronica F1, Romanesco.
Novelty Types are also a lot of fun for the garden. Try a purple or orange variety! They have similar flavor but add an unexpected pop of color to a veggie tray. Varieties include: Graffiti F1 (purple head), Cheddar F1 (orange head), and Vitaverde F1 (green head).
Like cauliflower, broccoli also is harvested in the early flowering stage.  The plants will want to move along and form flowers, so be sure to harvest while the buds are still closed and tight.  Broccoli florets are an easy way to get your nutrition but don’t forget about the stalk.  The peeled stalk has very good flavor and texture – very similar to kohlrabi sticks.  You can find julienned broccoli stems in your local grocery as “broccoli slaw”. And don’t forget about the baby broccoli, seen in grocery stores under the brand name of Broccolini ™ but also available as seed for the home gardener. Another broccoli relative is the Italian heirloom broccoli raab.
Broccoli likes rich soil which includes nitrogen and calcium. Broccoli prefers cool weather so plant in early spring or late summer for a fall harvest. It can also be planted in fall to overwinter in areas with mild winter weather. Varieties include: Imperial F1, Waltham 29, Castle Dome F1, and Gypsy F1.
Baby broccoli seed has become available to home gardeners in recent years. Pinch the main head out when it is the size of a nickel so that your plant sends out the tender stemmed side shoots. Regular harvesting will increase yield. Varieties include: Artwork F1 (AAS Winner), and Aspabroc F1.
Broccoli Raab is an heirloom type, harvested when florets are very small and tender. Like baby broccoli regular harvesting will increase overall all yield. Broccoli raab matures quickly so keep an eye on it. Varieties include: Rapini, Zamboni, and Sessantina Grossa.
Some say that Brussels sprouts are the new kale and they indeed have all the same health benefits that kale provides.  Brussels sprouts are perfect for roasting (together with beets, carrots, and cauliflower), on the BBQ (skewer), or in a good stew or finely shredded for salad. Select good varieties for the home garden that do not have to be “topped”. By removing the growing point of the plant (“topping”) you can stimulate the development of the Sprouts (side shoots) for an earlier harvest.  The top of the plant is also delicious when wilted in some olive oil with garlic, and dressed with some balsamic vinegar.  Tasty!  How about a nice stalk with perfect sprouts as a gift for the Thanksgiving host?
Brussels sprouts are best planted in the late summer for a fall harvest or can overwinter in mild areas. Varieties include; Diablo F1 (cold tolerant), Hestia F1 (early), Long Island Improved, and Royal Marvel F1. 
Collards look like a flat leaved version of kale, but collards are actually just big leafy cabbage plants that don’t make a head!  The nutrient content of collards is very similar to that of kale, and so they are interchangeable in many recipes.  Collards have been traditionally stewed (with a ham bone for added flavor and nutrition) in the US, but in recent years have been used for everything from salads to wraps to chips. They are easy to grow and leaves can be regularly cut so that the plant produces more. They prefer temperatures under 90 degrees and are best planted in the spring or fall except in mild summer regions.
Vates and Georgia types have smooth, medium green leaves (best for wraps), and upright plants that regrow quickly. Look to hybrids for improved yield (less stem, fastest regrowth) and bolt tolerance. Varieties include: Vates, Georgia, Bulldog F1, and Flash.
Champion types have a slightly savoyed/waxy leaf (best for chips). They are often a darker green or dark blue green. The plants are smaller and more cold tolerant than the other types. Look to hybrids for higher yield, quicker maturity and improved bolt tolerance. Varieties include: Champion, Top Bunch F1, Tiger F1.
Yes, America is eating more kale!  Kale made it to the top of the ANDI list (Aggregate Nutrient Density Index), and now you can find kale everywhere.  Kale is just about the easiest to grow of all the Brassicas and can be harvested continuously by just harvesting the lower leaves while the top leaves keep growing. Kale is easy to cook with and becomes tender if you chop it, knead it with a little oil and vinegar and marinade for a few minutes before serving.
Curly-leaf types have better cold and frost tolerance, a bit of frost will tenderize the leaves and make them sweeter.  You can also put your kale in the freezer overnight to get the same effect. Varieties include: Prizm F1 (compact AAS winner), Blue Ridge F1, Starbor F1, and Vates Blue Curled Scotch.
Lacinato/Dinosaur types have deep blue green, sword shaped leaves and are mild tasting in the summer and fall and yet are very cold tolerant as well. They are a key ingredient in many Italian soups and make great chips. Varieties include; Toscano, Black Magic, and Lacinato.
Russian types are mild in the summer and also cold tolerant. They can overwinter in mild areas. Varieties include: Improved Dwarf Siberian, Siberian, White Russian, and Red Russian.
And don’t forget about Tronchuda or Portuguese types, the crucial ingredient in Portuguese Kale Soup (Caldo Verde). Varieties include: Beria F1, Tronchuda.
 
 
The first written mention of Kohlrabi was made by Dutch botanist Rembrant Dodoens in 1554. Kohlrabi has long been popular in Europe, back to the Roman Empire, but eventually found its way onto American tables, perhaps with French settlers around 1900. Commercial cultivation began in California in the 1920’s and California remains the primary production area due to the cool foggy weather in coastal regions. Open-pollinated and standard size varieties are best consumed while still small (like a baseball).  Giant hybrid varieties maintain nice internal texture and can be allowed to grow bigger.
Giant types can makes heads the size of bowling balls! Varieties include: Kossak F1
Standard types are best harvested at baseball size or smaller. Varieties include: Quickstar F1(very early), Konan F1 (crisp, juicy and sweet), Purple Vienna and Kolibri F1 have purple skin (white flesh).
Radish:
The humble radish gets much less attention than it deserves. Easy to grow, maturing quickly, and growing nearly year round in some areas radishes add crunch and color to salads and vegetable trays and play an important part in traditional spring meals in Europe and the US. Asian soups get some quick color with the addition of a thinly sliced radish and Indian flat breads called mooli paratha use grated radish for a pop of flavor and color. Radish grows best when sown directly into the soil.
Red Round Types grow quickly and make a great first vegetable for kids to grow. Plant when cool and water evenly for mild flavored roots. Heat and stress cause early bolting. Hybrids are more uniform in size and maturity. Varieties include: Cherry Belle, Cheriette F1, Champion, Sparkler.
Novelty types come in many shapes and colors. French breakfast is nice sliced thin and served with sea salt on tiny buttered toasts. Watermelon types mature a little later but are worth the wait! They should be sliced with a mandolin and served on salads. Daikon is used for pickles and stores well. Easter Egg types are brightly colored and fun for kids. Varieties include: French Breakfast, Patricia, Easter Egg, Starburst, Red Meat, and Alpine.
Rutabaga:
Rutabagas are a cross between a turnip and a wild cabbage. They trace back to the middle ages and were used in cattle fodder and only eaten in times of hardship. They require cold conditions before harvest for maximum sweetness and store well. Most varieties have roots with a purple top and creamy white/yellow bottom.  Varieties include: Laurentian, Helenor, and American Purple Top.
 
Turnip:
The turnip loves poor soil and store well making it the perfect garden plant. Some types are grown for the tops, which are often stewed like collards, while other types are used only for the root. A few particularly useful types have edible roots and stems. Before pumpkins became popular for Halloween décor, turnips were carved and carried as lanterns on sticks or used as fall decoration in the UK. Varieties include: Purple Top White Globe (just for roots), Tokyo Cross (tender top white root), White Lady F1 (tender top, white root), and Topper F1 (just for tops).
 
The National Garden Bureau recognizes and thanks Jan van der Heide from Bejo Seed as author and Heather Kibble from Sakata Home Grown as contributor to this fact sheet. This fact sheet is provided as an educational service of the National Garden Bureau. There are no limitations on the use. Please credit the National Garden Bureau.
 
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